Pepto-Bismol liquid is a medication which contains the active ingredient bismuth subsalicylate.
What can Pepto-Bismol be used to treat?
- Stomach pain and burning,
- Nausea and excess gas
Both Pepto-Bismol tablets and suspension make use of bismuth subsalicylate. The exact way in which this ingredient works is unknown, however it has been shown to have several actions within the gut. It seems to coat the irritated stomach and intestinal tissue, decreasing inflammation and lowering the levels of irritation you experience. It also reduces the secretions of the digestive tract and kills bacteria, including E coli, which helps to prevent against diarrhoea.
If you are using Pepto-Bismol suspension, make sure to shake the bottle well before each use. Anyone over the age of 16 should take 30ml of Pepto-Bismol liquid or two Pepto-Bismol tablets as and when required. Dosing can be repeated ever hour if necessary, but do not exceed more than eight doses in a 24 hour period. If you see no improvement after two days, cease usage and contact your doctor immediately.
For children who are under the age of 16, medications containing salicylates should not be used unless specified by a doctor (this includes Pepto-Bismol). The reason for this is because of a trace link between aspirins and developing Reye’s syndrome, a condition that affects the brain and liver. Though this condition is incredibly rare, it can be deadly.
Adults aged 16 and over:
Swallow 30ml of Pepto-Bismol Liquid dispensed in the dosing cup.
Repeat the dosage every half to 1 hour as required.
Do not take more than 8 doses of Pepto-Bismol Liquid in 24 hours.
Take Pepto-Bismol orally only. Before use, shake well.
All medications affect different people in different ways. Some possible side effects of Pepto-Bismol include:
- Blackening of your stools (faeces)
- Darkening of your tongue
These side effects will clear up on their own once you have stopped taking Pepto-Bismol.
Do not take this medicine and speak to your doctor if:
- You have diarrhoea that started during or after a course of antibiotics
- You have diarrhoea that contains blood or mucus
- You have a fever
Pepto-Bismol can discolour the tongue and blacken your stools; this is a temporary condition and is nothing to be concerned about.
You should also consult your doctor if:
- You are taking any anticoagulants such as warfarin
- You are on any medication for gout or diabetes
- You are under 16
- You are allergic to aspirin or salicylates or any of the ingredients contained in Pepto-Bismol
If you think you have experienced an allergic reaction while using Pepto-Bismol, stop using it immediately and contact your doctor or pharmacist.
The active ingredients contained in Pepto-Bismol Liquid is/are:
Pepto-Bismol Liquid also contains the following inactive ingredients to make up the complete product:
Methylcellulose, Purified Water, Aluminium Magnesium Silicate, Sorbic Acid (E200), Methyl Salicylate, Salicylic Acid, Sodium Salicylate, Saccharin Sodium Amaranth (E123) and Benzoic Acid (E210).