There are a number of factors that put a person more at risk of developing gout. These include:
- Age and gender – the condition is more common in adults over 30 years of age and affects more men than women.
- Genetics – having a blood relative with gout increases your likelihood of developing the condition.
- Weight – being overweight significantly increases your risk of experiencing gout.
- Drinking alcohol – alcohol can interfere with the removal of uric acid from the body, which can lead to gout.
- Diet – eating foods that are rich in purines can cause, or exacerbate gout in some people.
- Medications – certain types of medication can increase the risk of developing gout. These include; diuretics, salicylate drugs, niacin, cyclosporine, and levodopa.
- Health problems – certain health issues can lead to gout, including; high blood pressure, hypothyroidism, psoriasis, haemolytic anaemia, Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome, and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.