The Independent Pharmacy

Minoxidil (Regaine) Dosage For Hair Loss

Daniel Hurley
Daniel HurleyMPharm IPPharmacist Independent Prescriber

Reviewed on 2 Sep 2023

Losing your hair can leave you feeling distressed. However, there are many treatments that can help, including Minoxidil - also known as Regaine. Minoxidil is a liquid solution you rub into your scalp where hair loss occurs. It helps stimulate hair follicles to grow new, healthy strands.

The usual recommended dosage is between 2-5% minoxidil in the solution. This simply refers to the concentration or strength of the active ingredient. A dose in this range allows enough minoxidil to penetrate the scalp and revive hair follicles. If you’re new to minoxidil, start with the lower 2% concentration first. That will give your body time to adjust to the medication. Then, you can gradually increase it to 5% if your doctor recommends it.

While you might be familiar with its reputation as a hair regrowth stimulant, understanding the precise dosage and its implications can help you reach optimal results.

Hair loss can be an emotionally taxing experience, affecting one’s self-esteem and confidence. If you’re reading this, know that you’re not alone. Minoxidil offers a glimmer of hope. If you’re considering starting your journey towards healthier hair, The Independent Pharmacy is a trusted place to begin.

In this guide, we'll dive deep into the nuances of Minoxidil’s dosage, its mechanism, and potential side effects.

What Is Minoxidil?

Minoxidil, both in its oral tablets and topical forms, has been a game-changer in the realm of hair treatments. Originally developed as a medication for severe high blood pressure, its journey from managing blood pressure to becoming an effective treatment for hair loss is a testament to medical innovation. While tablets were its initial form, the discovery of its hair growth-promoting properties led to the development of topical Minoxidil, which directly targets areas of hair thinning. These days, Regaine for men and women alike is an effective hair loss treatment.

Regaine For Men: Extra Strength Solution
Regaine For Men: Extra Strength Solution
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How Does Minoxidil Work?

Before diving into the specifics of Minoxidil’s action, you should understand its impact on hair health. Minoxidil doesn’t merely offer a cosmetic fix; it delves deep, targeting the very foundations of hair growth. Here’s a breakdown:

  • Reversing Follicle Miniaturization: Over time, hair follicles can become smaller, leading to finer, weaker strands. The hair loss treatment with Minoxidil revitalises these follicles, restoring their vitality and helping you grow healthier, stronger hair.
  • Boosting Blood Flow: Healthy hair growth is fueled by nutrients, and Minoxidil ensures hair follicles are well-fed by enhancing blood circulation around them.
  • Promoting the Growth Phase: The life of a hair strand runs in stages. Minoxidil propels follicles into their growth phase and ensures they stay there longer, promising denser, longer hair.
  • Additional Benefits: Beyond these core actions, Minoxidil can also help you to tackle other elements that could affect your hair growth, such as inflammation, further solidifying its role as a comprehensive hair loss solution.

History and Development of Minoxidil

Minoxidil’s inception was as a treatment for refractory high blood pressurehypertension. However, an unexpected side effect emerged during trials: hair growth. This serendipitous discovery shifted the focus from blood pressure management to hair loss treatment. The transition from oral form, which had effects like fluid retention, to topical forms minimised unwanted effects and maximised hair density benefits.

Things to Consider Before Taking Minoxidil

Embarking on the Minoxidil journey is a significant step, but it’s essential to tread with knowledge and caution. Here’s what you need to know:

  • Application Precautions: To maximise Minoxidil’s efficacy, refrain from shampooing your hair for at least four hours after application. Additionally, it’s crucial to avoid using other skin products on the treated area during this period.
  • Health Considerations: While Minoxidil for hair loss offers a ray of hope for many, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. The product we stock is topical Minoxidil, which is shown to avoid a lot of the problems associated with Oral Minoxidil. The main health consideration with topical Minoxidil, is that it may not be suitable for individuals with some scalp conditions or irritations. These can cause too much Minoxidil to be absorbed into the body, increasing the chances of side effects. Oral Minoxidil (which we don’t stock) comes with a broader, more complicated list of considerations.

At The Independent Pharmacy, we understand the emotional weight of hair loss, and it’s natural to have apprehensions. We’re here to guide you, ensuring you have all the necessary information.

Dosage for Hair Loss

Standard doses vary based on the form of alopecia being treated and individual factors like body weight. Daily doses and dosage recommendations should always be discussed with a healthcare provider to ensure optimal results and minimise side effects.

Research has shown that oral Minoxidil can be effective for male and female pattern hair loss, also known under the name "androgenetic alopecia".

For personalised dosage recommendations, consider reaching out to our experts in The Independent Pharmacy. Their expertise can guide you to the most effective treatment plan.

Remember, it’s not just about the medication but ensuring it aligns with your unique needs and journey.

Maximum Dose For Adults

Adults who want to combat hair loss need to find the right balance. While Minoxidil was initially a medication for high blood pressure, its dosages for hair loss differ. It’s not just about the quantity but also the frequency and consistency. Careful changes in concentration, under the guidance of a healthcare professional, can help determine the ideal dose tailored to individual needs.

Recommended Dose For Women With Female-Pattern Hair Loss

The recommended dose of topical minoxidil for women with female pattern hair loss is the 2% topical solution, applied twice daily. At this dose it has been shown to produce new growth of fine hair in some women. Ideally, you should plan on trialling this for 6-12 months.

Treatment Regimen For Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia, commonly known as male or female pattern baldness, requires a specialised approach. Minoxidil can be helpful to many facing this condition:

  • Dosage and Frequency: The treatment regimen typically involves a consistent application, with the exact dosage and frequency tailored to individual needs. Consistency is the key to seeing tangible results.
  • Duration of Therapy: Hair growth is a marathon, not a sprint. While Minoxidil acts as a catalyst, it’s essential to understand that visible results might take time. Typically, a few months of consistent use are required before noticeable hair growth becomes apparent.
  • Safety and Efficacy: Minoxidil’s track record in treating androgenetic alopecia is impressive. However, as with all treatments, it’s vital to be aware of its safety profile and ensure it aligns with individual health considerations.

Side Effects Of Minoxidil Treatment

While Minoxidil offers promising results, it’s not without its side effects. Experiencing adverse effects can be daunting, but it’s essential to remember that every individual’s journey is unique. Common side effects include skin rash, fluid retention affecting heart rate, and in rare cases, chest pain which could indicate potential heart attacks. It’s crucial to differentiate between side effects from oral administration, which can lead to more systemic effects like rapid weight gain due to salt and water retention, and topical treatment, which might cause localised skin irritation.

Other potential adverse effects include:

  • Unintended Hair Loss: Ironically, some users might experience a phenomenon called telogen effluvium, where there’s a temporary spike in hair loss. This is typically short-lived and reverses as the treatment progresses.
  • Skin and Scalp Irritation: Some individuals might experience skin reactions, ranging from mild erythema to a burning sensation. Scalp conditions like seborrheic dermatitis might also see a temporary flare-up. If your skin or scalp becomes red or irritated, stop using the product and consult further steps with your doctor.
  • Allergic Reactions: In rare cases, users might experience allergic reactions like contact dermatitis or isolated pruritus. You must cease usage and consult a healthcare professional if you experience any severe reactions.

It’s also worth keeping in mind that, based on clinical studies, users of oral Minoxidil are more likely to face these adverse effects than those who use the topical solution.

Always consult a healthcare provider if any severe or unexpected side effects arise.

Comparing Minoxidil with Other Hair Treatments

While Minoxidil stands out in hair loss disorder treatments, it’s not the only option. Choosing a hair treatment is a deeply personal decision. It’s essential to weigh all options, understanding that every individual’s path to hair recovery is unique. Hair transplants, for instance, offer a more permanent solution. This hair treatment procedure involves relocating hair from denser regions to thinning areas. When comparing the two, Minoxidil offers a non-invasive approach, enhancing hair thickness without surgical intervention. However, hair transplants might be worth considering for those seeking drastic changes.

If you’re weighing your options between Minoxidil and other treatments, The Independent Pharmacy can offer insights and recommendations based on your unique situation.

Frequently Asked Questions

We understand that you might have numerous questions, and it’s natural to seek clarity. Here are some questions other hair loss patients ask.

Can I use Minoxidil on healthy hair?

Absolutely. While Minoxidil is renowned for treating hair loss, it can also be a proactive measure for those with healthy hair. By using Minoxidil, individuals can potentially fortify their hair, making it more resilient against future thinning. However, adhering to proper application techniques and being aware of any precautions is paramount.

What causes hair loss after stopping Minoxidil?

Discontinuing Minoxidil can lead to what’s known as “shedding.” Essentially, the hair returns to the state it would have been in had Minoxidil never been used. It’s a reminder that Minoxidil is a treatment, not a cure. The hair growth it promotes is contingent on its continued use.

What else to do in addition to Minoxidil?

Minoxidil is a powerful ally in the fight against hair loss, but it’s even more effective when combined with a holistic approach. This includes maintaining a clean and healthy scalp, eating a nutrient-rich diet, managing stress, avoiding excessive heat styling, and regularly consulting a dermatologist or hair care specialist.


Hair loss is a journey, often filled with ups and downs. But remember, you’re not walking this path alone. With treatments like Minoxidil, there’s a tangible solution at hand. If Minoxidil seems like the right path for you, don’t hesitate to contact The Independent Pharmacy to explore the treatment further. We’re here to support you every step of the way. However, as with all journeys, you need to stay informed, patient, and proactive. Remember, every strand of hair is a testament to your resilience and journey. Embrace it, nurture it, and let it shine.


Oral minoxidil treatment for hair loss: A review of efficacy and safety - PubMed (

Role of Oral Minoxidil in Patterned Hair Loss - PMC (

Minoxidil 1 mg oral versus minoxidil 5% topical solution for the treatment of female-pattern hair loss: A randomised clinical trial - PubMed (

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