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Acne

How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars: What You Need To Know

by Leanne Sinclair (BPharm)

Leanne is a clinical pharmacist with years of experience working in pharmacy.

Acne can be distressing at the time, but for some people, it can also leave acne scars that are long-lasting and upsetting. Fortunately, there are ways you can treat acne scars and finding out how to get rid of acne scars is easy. 

In the article below, we’ll be looking at how to get rid of acne scars, including medical creams, cosmetic acne scars treatment and the best acne scars home remedies (such as the best oils for acne scars). 

For a general introduction to acne, head over to our page dedicated to exploring what causes acne or visit our other acne guides for more information about the condition and different types of acne treatment.

 

Acne scars treatment 

If your acne breakouts have subsided but you’ve been left with long-lasting marks and scars then you may want to know how to get rid of acne scars. 

There are lots of different types of acne scars treatments, which are generally regarded as a type of cosmetic surgery in the UK. 

The acne scar treatment that works best for you will depend on the type and severity of the acne scars you have; there are a few different types of acne scars which can be split into two main categories: atrophic scars (depressions caused by a loss of skin tissue) and hypertrophic scars (raised lumps of scar tissue caused by excessive tissue growth) such as keloid scars.

The five most common types of acne scars are keloid scars, ice pick scars, boxcar scars, rolling scars and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Here are some of the main acne scars treatments available:

  • Dermabrasion: dermabrasion is a skin-resurfacing procedure which removes the top layer of skin using lasers or a specially-made rotating device. Skin will look red and inflamed afterwards, but healthier, smoother skin will grow back. 
  • Laser treatment: there are two types of laser treatments — ablative, in which skin over and around the scars is removed to produce new skin, and non-ablative, which stimulates the growth of new, healthier skin cells and repairs scar damage.
  • Chemical peels: the top layer of skin is removed by a chemical peel; new skin grows back, healing over atrophic acne scarring.
  • Subcision: a surgical treatment in which the upper layer of the skin is removed from the underlying scar tissue. This allows blood to pool and clot, which helps form connective tissue, pushing up the depressed acne scar so that the skin’s surface is more even.
  • Punch techniques: there are a few different types of punch techniques:
    • Punch excision: the scar is cut out of the skin and the skin is sealed back together
    • Punch grafting: the scar is removed and the wound is plugged with a skin graft (usually taken from behind the ear)
    • Punch elevation: similar to punch grafting, except the base of the scar is raised up to make the skin more even
  • Microneedling: tiny needles are inserted into the skin surrounding the acne scar to stimulate collagen growth and reduce the appearance of scars.

There are also a number of creams available for acne scars if you want to try treating acne scars yourself at home. We’ll talk more about these options in the section below.

 

Best creams for acne scars

Some of the acne scar treatments above can be abrasive or painful and may need to be repeated regularly to work. They may also be expensive depending on where you are in the world (they aren’t usually available on the NHS). 

If you want to try to get rid of acne scars at home on your own, then there are creams for acne scars available. Here are some of the products and ingredients you should look out for:

  • Salicylic acid: Salicylic acid is often an ingredient in acne skincare products and is also considered an effective treatment for acne scars. This ingredient acts as a chemical peel, as well as helping reduce swelling, discolouration and redness which may minimize the appearance of scarring.
  • Retinoids:derived from vitamin A which is frequently used in skincare, retinol reduces inflammation and speeds up cell regeneration. Retinoids are thought to help both lighten hyperpigmentation and reduce the appearance of deeper acne scars.
  • Lactic acid:lactic acid acts as a gentle chemical peel, which can help reduce the appearance of acne scars and smooth out skin texture. It can also help lighten dark scar tissue for some people.

Some of these are available over the counter and some products are stronger and will need a prescription. Speak to your GP about your options — they will be able to advise you further.

 

How to get rid of acne scars using home remedies

If you don’t think that cosmetic surgery or prescription medications are for you, then there are home remedies for acne scars you can try. 

Many people use natural remedies to help reduce the appearance of acne scars. However, it’s worth noting that there is not much clinical evidence and research into these home remedies and the science behind them. Some acne scars home remedies may also cause further irritation or other problems, so they need to be used with caution.

Some traditional home remedies for acne scars include:

  • Essential oils like tea tree oil (which we will cover below)
  • Other oils like coconut oil
  • Shea butter
  • Aloe vera gel
  • Honey
  • Baking soda pastes
  • Lemon juice
  • Apple cider vinegar 

Many of these ingredients can be found in your kitchen or bathroom cupboards at home, however, we would not recommend using the above treatments.

 

Best oils for acne scars

Some oils can help reduce the appearance of scars, so they can be a good option if you want to try getting rid of your acne scars at home.

Oils are thought to work by regenerating the skin cells of damaged skin, improving the appearance of scars and skin health.

Here are some of the best oils for acne scars.

 

Essential oils for acne scars

Essential oils are often recommended when it comes to acne scars home remedies. 

Essential oils support skin health by reducing inflammation, redness, and balancing skin tone. This makes them particularly beneficial for acne scars.

There are several essential oils that are typically used for acne scars:

  • Tea tree
  • Helichrysum
  • Geranium 
  • Lavender
  • Neroli
  • Frankincense 
  • Rose
  • Carrot seed
  • Cedarwood

Most essential oils need to be diluted before being applied to your skin (they can upset your skin’s natural balance otherwise). To use them, you just need to add a few drops to a carrier oil such as almond or jojoba oil and apply the mixture to the affected area at least once a day (you don’t need to wash the oil off). 

You may begin to see positive results within just a few months of consistent daily use of essential oils, but it can take up to a year for scars to completely heal.

 

Tea tree oil for acne scars

Tea tree oil is probably the most well-known essential oil for treating acne itself, due to its anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties. 

Tea tree oil is also said to help reduce the appearance of acne scars. However, this is mostly thought to refer to hypertrophic (raised) scars and the hyperpigmentation that occurs after inflammatory breakouts. 

There isn’t currently enough research into how effective tea tree oil is at treating scars and the effects on acne scars aren’t proven. 

However, tea tree oil can help to alleviate and manage acne breakouts in the first place, which can help to reduce the risk of scarring.

Unlike other essential oils, tea tree oil doesn’t need to be added to a carrier oil to ensure it doesn’t upset your skin — it can be applied directly to your skin on its own. 

 

Rosehip oil for acne scars

Rosehip oil is another type of oil that may reduce the appearance of acne scars.

Rosehip seed oil is thought to have soothing and repairing qualities that work well for damaged scar tissue — improving discolouration and redness. This means that if you have dark-coloured scars or hyperpigmentation from acne breakouts, then rosehip oil could help.

However, if your acne scars are atrophic (depressed in the skin) then rosehip oil is unlikely to help.

 

Coconut oil for acne scars

You could also use coconut oil for acne scars. Coconut oil has a naturally high vitamin E content which helps to moisturise and soften the skin. Vitamin E is an antioxidant and has anti-inflammatory properties.

Some people believe that coconut oil can help and heal acne scars. However, while coconut oil can help keep skin in a healthy condition, there is currently no scientific evidence to suggest it can fade acne marks or heal acne scars.

Coconut oil can also clog pores, so you’ll need to be careful using it and ensure that it doesn’t irritate your skin if you want to try this acne scar home remedy.

 

How to fade acne scars

Many of the medical treatments and natural remedies we have mentioned above will help to fade acne scars if you do not want to remove your acne scars through cosmetic surgery.

It may be that you have to try a few different treatment options out before you find one that works effectively for you — everyone has different experiences of acne scars and different types.

 

How long does it take acne scars to fade?

Acne scars can fade over time, though it depends on the type of acne scars you have and the severity of your acne. While some scars will fade on their own, others are more stubborn.

In particular, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (discolouration of the skin) tends to go quite quickly — taking around three to six months to fade.

Hypertrophic and keloid scars generally fade in colour over time, going from red or purple in appearance to brown or pale in colour. 

Deeper, atrophic scars like ice pick scars and boxcar scars can take longer and may not fade on their own, requiring some of the treatments above instead. Rolling scars may even become more obvious or severe as you get older and your skin loses its natural elasticity.

 

Summary

Acne scars can be distressing long after your acne breakouts have disappeared. Some of the time, acne scars can fade and disappear on their own, but for some people, they may be upsetting, long-lasting and even permanent.

There are different ways to treat acne scars, and this can depend on the type of scars you have and their severity. Treatment can sometimes be difficult and it isn’t always successful. However, lots of people do successfully get rid of acne scars using either medical treatments or natural home remedies. 

Treating your acne using effective acne medication in the first place will dramatically reduce your risk of acne scars. 

The Independent Pharmacy offers a range of acne treatments including topical and oral treatments, such as Duac Gel, Skinoren Cream, Tetralysal Capsules and Acnecide Gel

You can get in touch with us to discuss which treatment is suitable for you and your condition — start your free online consultation today.

 

Sources

Authored By:

A photo of  Leanne Sinclair

Leanne Sinclair

BPharm

Published on: 16-06-2020

Last modified on: 16-06-2020


Leanne is a clinical pharmacist with years of experience working in pharmacy.

Reviewed By:

A photo of  Scott McDougall

Scott McDougall

MPharm

Reviewed on: 16-06-2020

Next review date: 16-06-2022


Scott is one of the two founders of The Independent Pharmacy. He is a registered pharmacist and the registered manager of our service with the CQC.


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