Although scars cannot be prevented entirely since they are a natural part of the skin’s healing process following damage to the dermis, there are scar treatments available that can improve how they appear on the skin’s surface, such as:
Silicone gels can be used on old and new scars. They work by helping soften and flatten scars and can relieve itching and discomfort. Kelo-Cote Scar Gel is suited to scars up to 4 years old including fine line scars, keloids, and contractures. It can also be used under makeup and sunscreen. Dermatix Silicone Scar Gel is designed to support the moisture in the skin to encourage efficient healing following surgery, burns, or injury. This transparent gel dries quickly to flatten and soften scar tissue, effectively fading dark, red, or angry scars.
If you want to prevent scarring during the healing process, an elastic bandage, dressing or stocking can be applied to the area to put pressure on the wound. The pressure prevents a scar from forming (or at least decreases its size).
If you have irregularities in your scars, dermabrasion can soften and smooth the skin to improve scar formation. This treatment involves gently removing the top layer of skin to blend irregularities such as raised areas.
Scar-revision surgery (also known as skin grafting) is useful for replacing particularly large scars. The procedure involves transplanting skin from another area, and though it will still leave some scarring, it should be preferable to the original scarring.
In some cases, injections can be made directly into scars (especially keloid scars) to reduce their size, flatten the skin and reduce itching.
Can all scars be treated?
Yes, every scar can be treated in some way, but there are several factors that will affect the results. Old scars and large areas of scar tissue can be harder to treat, for instance, meaning that you shouldn’t have high expectations when trying to reduce their visibility.